Combined effects of thermal modification and ACQ-D impregnation on properties of southern yellow pine wood
Wang Wang, Yuan Zhu, Jinzhen Cao
In this study, samples of southern yellow pine sapwood were first thermally modified and then treated by the alkaline copper quat-type D (ACQ-D) wood preservative. Two heating temperature (180℃ and 220℃) and two concentrations of ACQ-D solution (0.9% and 1.35%) were used in the experiments. The combined effects of thermal modification and ACQ-D on leaching performance, mechanical properties and mold resistance of the treated wood were then investigated. The results of the experiments indicated that thermal modification increased the percentage of copper leaching and decreased the MOR and MOE of wood, and also it affected the compression strength parallel to grain. After the ACQ-D impregnation, the bending properties of thermally modified wood got lowered to some extent. The anti-mold experiment indicated that the ACQ-D impregnation could improve the mold resistance of thermally modified wood.
Keywords: thermally-modified wood, alkaline copper quat-type D (ACQ-D), copper leaching, bending MOR and MOE, compression strength parallel to grain, mold resistance