Soft rot decay in acetylated wood. Chemical and anatomical changes in decayed wood
B Mohebby, H Militz
Acetylated Beech (Fagus sylvatica) and Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) wood were studied in soil beds under laboratory conditions for longer periods. High mass losses and dynamic MOE losses were measured in non-acetylated wood and at lower weight percent gains (WPG). Rapid losses of lignin, holocellulose and ?-cellulose occurred in non-acetylated beech wood and no losses were detected at the highest WPG. Changes in chemical composition of acetylated beech wood at lower WPGs was measured. Slight changes in chemical composition of non-acetylated Scots pine wood were also observed and minor changes in acetylated wood at all WPGs; except in holocellulose. An intensive anatomical study was performed by light microscopy and SEM microscopy. The results are presented and discussed. Results showed a significant prevention of acetylation against fungal growth above 8 % and 10 % WPGs in beech and pine respectively.
Keywords: Soft rot decay, Beech (Fagus sylvatica), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), acetylation, lignin, holocellulose, a-cellulose, mass loss, dynamic MOE loss