Feelings against the use of chemicals in general and of wood preservatives in special get increasing importance within the population. They are based mainly on an uncertain fear for unknown health risks and vary between different countries and regions. No straight line can be traced. Nevertheless feelings often will influence a decision against chemical wood preservation. Therefore they have to be considered seriously and it is most important to convince the population on the possibilities of a safe use of wood preservatives. However, it is also important, to learn where to retreat from traditional fields of chemical wood preservation in order to maintain others, where the use of untreated timber will be not possible.