Biological durability for novel composites manufactured from green materials
A S O Mohareb, A H Hassanin, A A Badr, K T S Hassan, R Farag
Flax and Jute fabrics were used as reinforcements with polyester resin to form composite skins while poplar particleboard was used as a core for making composite sandwich structures by applying vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM) technique. Mechanical, physical, and biological properties of these novel green composite sandwich structures were evaluated. The results showed that the proposed engineered panels have superior mechanical properties that are suitable for different structural applications compared with conventional particleboards. When compared with the control panels, significant enhancement on Modulus of elasticity (MOE) and Modulus of rupture (MOR) were achieved. On the other hand, the results indicated that the proposed panel composites exhibit better dimensional stability compared with poplar particleboard control panels. In addition, the proposed composite sandwich structures proved significant resistance against the decay fungi after 12 weeks of fungal exposure. Obviously, the developed composite panels could be used in a wide variety of applications.
Keywords: green composites, VARTIM technique, flax, jute, polyester resin, decay