Your search resulted in 43 documents. Displaying 25 entries per page.
Developments in wood preservation
1976 - IRG/WP 366
The purpose of this paper is to comment very briefly upon recent developments in wood preservation so that members of the Working Group have a basic knowledge of the activities in other countries. The last paper was prepared in 1974 and this paper refers to developments since that time. The last edition of this paper was welcomed by members of IRG. Many members wrote to the author to express their...
B A Richardson
The influence of cement and calcium compounds on the performance of CCA preservatives
1983 - IRG/WP 3221
The influence of cement and calcium compounds on the durability of untreated and CCA treated wood is considered. Calcium compounds were found to reduce the toxicity of a CCA preservative to a soft rot fungus at copper to calcium ratios of 1:1 and 1:10 using a cellulose filter paper technique. Further studies are outlined and some possible mechanisms by which cement and calcium compounds may affect...
R J Murphy
Protection of a low-density mangrove timber species gewa (Excoecaria agallocha) through preparation of particleboard – An Assessment
2006 - IRG/WP 06-40348
It is now well established that the conversion of low-density and low-cost timbers into laminated, composite and densified form is an alternative of wood protection by means of wood preservatives. Once only the timber species gewa (Excoecaria agallocha) was used for manufacturing newsprint paper in Bangladesh, which is not continued today. The feasibility of commercial production of particleboard ...
A A Mahfuz, M O Hannan, M A Islam, M N Islam , M M Islam, A K Lahiry
The effects of chemical modification on the biological properties of alder and spruce particleboards
2007 - IRG/WP 07-40363
This study is evaluated by measuring the weight loss, and the ability of white and brown-rot fungi to attack unmodified and modified particleboards manufactured using spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) Link.) and alder (Alnus glutinosa) chips. The chips were reacted with acetic, succinic, maleic and phthalic anhydride at constant temperature for 3 hours then, hot pressed at 150 °C by using phenol for...
Ü C Yildiz, E Dizman, S Yildiz, A Temiz, M Aslan, E D Gezer
Fungal decay resistance and durability of wood products made from borax-impregnated wood and bonded with corn starch and tannin adhesive
2009 - IRG/WP 09-30494
At present, the production of wood composites mainly relies on the petrochemical-based and formaldehyde-based adhesives such as phenol formaldehyde (PF) resins and urea formaldehyde (UF) resins, which are non-renewable and therefore ultimately limited in supply. This paper concerns the decay resistance of wood products bonded with a new, environment-friendly adhesive derived from abundant and rene...
A Moubarik, A Pizzi, A Allal, F Charrier, B Charrier
Properties of strand board bonded with ammonium pentaborate (APB) modified phenol formaldehyde resin
2009 - IRG/WP 09-40455
Ammonium pentaborate (APB) is combined with phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin in this study to develop a high-performance wood-based composite. The effect of APB and its combination with polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the physical, mechanical properties as well as formaldehyde emission of strand board were tested and compared with disodium octaborate tetrahydrateand (DOT) and zinc borate (ZB). The resu...
Wei Gao, Jinzhen Cao
Biological Performance of Boron-based Chemicals Treated Wood Composites
2009 - IRG/WP 09-40464
In this study, the biological performance of wood-based composites panels treated with boron containing chemicals against to a fungus was determined. Boric acid, borax, zinc borate and agricultural borate (Tarım-bor™), developed and patented by National Boron Research Institute, were mixed with wood chips or fibers and then particleboard, medium strand board and middle density fiberboar...
Ü C Yıldız, H Kalaycıoğlu, S Yıldız, A Temiz, E Tomak Dizman, A Çavdar Dönmez
Fungal decay resistance and mechanical properties of plywood panels made from maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) and bonded with cornstarch-quebracho tannin-phenol formaldehyde adhesive
2010 - IRG/WP 10-40490
The aim of this work is to demonstrate the performances of cornstarch-quebracho tannin-based resins designed as adhesive in the plywood production. In this way, the cornstarch and quebracho tannin was introduced in the classic adhesive formulation in order to supply a part of phenol-formaldehyde (PF). In order to evaluate the mechanical performances of optimal cornstarch-quebracho tannin-PF, plywo...
F Charrier, A Moubarik, A Allal, A Pizzi, B Charrier
Decay and termite resistance of particleboard and MDF panels made from pinecones
2010 - IRG/WP 10-40493
Particleboard and medium density fiberboard (MDF) panels were produced by using pinecone from stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) tress and wood particles from pine and beech wood at various ratios. Specimens from the panels were subjected to slightly modified soil-block tests according to AWPA E10-06 standard method by using two brown-rot fungi, Gloeophyllum trabeum and Postia placenta and two white rot ...
C Köse, E Terzi, Ü Büyüksar, Erkan Avcı, Nadir Ayrılmış, S Nami Kartal, Y Imamura
Biological resistance of acetylated particleboards exposed to white (Trametes versicolor (and brown (Coniophora puteana) rot fungi
2010 - IRG/WP 10-40534
This research was conducted to investigate the effect of acetylation on bioresistance of particleboard produced from acetylated wood chips of Fagus orientalis exposed to white (Trametes versicolor (and brown (Coniophora puteana) rot fungi. After 12 hours soaking in acetic anhydride, in order to achieve three level of weight gains, 5, 9 and 16%, acetylated particles were heated in an oven at 120 c...
M Ghorbani kokandeh, K Doosthoseini, A N Karimi, B Mohebby, H Asghari
Biological and mechanical performances of particleboard panels made from maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) and glued with cornstarch-mimosa tannin-urea formaldehyde adhesive
2011 - IRG/WP 11-40542
The objective of this work was to demonstrate the utility of cornstarch-mimosa tannin-based resins designed for application as an adhesive in the particleboard production. Bond qualities of cornstarch-mimosa tannin- urea formaldehyde (UF) (10:4:86, weight ratios) resins and commercial UF resin were assessed by using an automatic bonding evaluation system, prior to production of particleboard panel...
A Moubarik, F Charrier, A Pizzi, A Allal, B Charrier
Effects of Nano-Zycosil on Liquid and Gas Permeability of MDF
2012 - IRG/WP 12-40578
Effects were studied of zycosil nanoparticles, with size range from 30 to 90 nm, on liquid and gas permeability of medium density fiberboard. 100 g of nanozycosil was added to each kg of dry fibers. Density was kept constant at 0.67 g/cm3. The obtained results indicated that addition of zycosil to the mat resulted in a significant increase in gas permeability due to the lower fiber-content in the ...
H Reza Taghiyari, K Heidarhaee, P Noori, A Karimi
The effect of press time on springback and water absorption of acetylated particleboard
2012 - IRG/WP 12-40579
In this study the effect of press time on springback, thickness swelling and water absorption was investigated. After 24 hours soaking in acetic anhydride, in order to achieving WPG 17%, acetylated particles were heated in an oven at 120 0C for 360 minutes. Acetylated and nonacetylated (control) particleboards were produced with 10% melamine urea formaldehyde (based on the oven-dry weight of part...
F Bavaneghi, M Ghorbani, A Kargarfard
Effect of Nano-Wollastonite on Water Absorption in Particleboard
2014 - IRG/WP 14-40662
Effects of wollastonite nanofibers on physical properties of particleboard were studied. Nano-wollastonite (NW) was applied at 5, 10, 15, and 20 g/kg, based on the dry weight of wood-chips, and compared with control specimens. Two application methods of NW were used: surface application (SA), and internal application (IA). Density was kept constant at 0.68 g/cm3 for all treatments. Tests were carr...
S Karimi, H Reza Taghiyari, A Karimi, P M Tahir, J Abdul Halip
Incorporation of raw boron minerals to protect particleboard against decay and mold fungi, termites and insects
2016 - IRG/WP 16-40729
This paper evaluated the biological performance of particleboards incorporated with the raw boron minerals ulexite and colemanite against decay, mold fungi, termites and insect larvae in comparison with that of particleboards with zinc borate, or boric acid plus a borax mixture. The results showed that ulexite and colemanite were highly effective against the decay fungi and termite attack in labor...
S N Kartal, E Terzi, P Gerardin, C M Ibanez, T Yoshimura
Markers of quality in self-bonded beech boards
2017 - IRG/WP 17-40820
A self-bonding phenomenon takes place when five layers of beech (Fagus Sylvatica L.) veneers are pressed at temperatures higher than 200ºC. If the pressing temperature between veneer surfaces reaches at least 225ºC during pressing and if the pressure applied is optimal, water-resistant bonds are formed between veneers. This study investigates the relation of thickness reduction (marker of compre...
C Cristescu, D Sandberg, O Karlsson
Wood protection with cement – Part 1: Coating matters and durability of cement coated wood
2020 - IRG/WP 20-40911
The use of wood in geotechnical applications has seen renewed interest. However, concerns related to the durability and service life of wood in ground contact applications remain. Wood has the potential to substitute commonly used steel and concrete in the geotechnical engineering sector, but solutions to extending the service life and maintenance intervals require long-lasting wood protection sys...
S Hirschmüller, B Marais, C Brischke, A Krey, J Bösing
Longitudinal tensile shear properties of polyurethane-bonded preservative-impregnated Eucalyptus grandis laminates subjected to varied simulated climatic conditions
2023 - IRG/WP 23-40967
Bonding process adaptations have yielded improvements in the adhesive bonding of Eucalyptus grandis wood for manufacturing hardwood laminates. However, there are still concerns over the adhesive-bond performance, particularly preservative-impregnated E. grandis laminates, under exposure to varying climatic conditions. These concerns could limit the implementation of E. grandis laminates, especiall...
A A Alade, C B Wessels