Your search resulted in 85 documents. Displaying 25 entries per page.
Final proposals for a field experiment to determine the performance of preservative treated hardwoods with particular reference to soft rot
1976 - IRG/WP 367
A series of hardwood stakes have been prepared and treated in the UK from samples (mainly sapwood) supplied from participants around the world. The stakes include 4 reference species common to each site and, in most cases, at least 2 local species of importance. The treated stakes will be despatched to the co-operating scientists and installed under local conditions. It is hoped that with periodic...
D J Dickinson
Tanalith T - a new preservative system for protecting house frames in Australia from termite attack.
2003 - IRG/WP 03-30306
The sawn timber industry in Australia has expressed a desire for a new low cost termite treatment. The treatment needs to be on-line in the dry mill, minimising material handling costs and with a very fast processing time to meet timber flow through the dry mill. The preservative, Tanalith® T, forms an envelope on both Pinus radiata and Pinus elliotti sawn timber. Field trials conducted in Aus...
P R S Cobham, J Snow
Field test results for the elimination of subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus) colonies by a bait system containing the IGR hexaflumuron
1997 - IRG/WP 97-10222
Field studies were conducted at Chichijima (Ogasawara Islands, Tokyo) to determine the effectiveness of a termite bait system (commercial name: Sentricon* system) containing hexaflumuron (Insect Growth Regulator: IGR) in the elimination of subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus) colonies. The level of subterranean termite activity on Ogasawara Islands is high resulting in extensive damage to...
K Suzuki, Y Morita, K Yamauchi
Hardwood field experiment: Progress report 1977-82
1982 - IRG/WP 3200
The international hardwood field experiment was planned in 1976 and set up in some 30 different sites around the world. The test stakes include 4 reference species common to each site and in most cases at least 2 species of local importance. It was hoped that a picture of performance of a range of economically important species would be built up and at the same time provide vital background inform...
D J Dickinson, J F Levy
IUFRO rating system compares favourably to weight loss for soil-bed testing
1990 - IRG/WP 2343
The soil-bed/small stake test is commonly used for rapidly evaluating the performance of new, more environmentally acceptable, preservatives. In a 1.5 year experiment with three copper-based waterborne preservatives, visual evaluation and probing using the IUFRO performance rating scale (0-4) gave very similar toxic thresholds to those derived from measurement of weight loss at the end of the expe...
P I Morris
Termites in Uruguay; control, prevention and environment
1991 - IRG/WP 1474
When Prof. La Fage's questionaire on termites was received by 1987, few were aware of termite damage in Uruguay and infestations were not much reported. Further contacts between scientists, operators and homeowners, are now shaping the real threat of termite attack. Before letting the problem faIl in the hands of the layman, with all ist environmental risks, it seemed reasonable to: 1) re...
A Aber, G Baillod
Lignin degradation by a non-enzymatic system supposed to be active in white rot fungi
2000 - IRG/WP 00-10340
Electron microscopic investigations have shown that ligninolytic enzymes of white-rot fungi are only able to penetrate the wood cell wall in late stages of degradation. Thus, the selective degradation of lignin of certain white-rot fungi can only be explained on the basis of a low molecular weight, highly diffusible system. A system, consisting of copper, a coordination compound and either H2O2 or...
P Lamaipis, W Gindl, T Watanabe, K Messner
Development of a model system to assess the efficacy and environmental impact of a chromated fluoride remedial treatment for creosoted distribution poles
1992 - IRG/WP 92-2395
A closed model system was designed to facilitate a controlled study of the leachability and environmental fate of a remedial preservative under laboratory conditions. The elements of the model include a precipitation apparatus above a treated pole section which is positioned in a representative soil profile supporting a sward of perennial ryegrass. The model will allow detailed examination of the ...
D C R Sinclair, G M Smith, A Bruce, B King
Practical applications of steamed larch wood to a termite bait system using chlorfluazuron
2003 - IRG/WP 03-10464
Less chemical strategies are required for decrease of damages to residents from chemicals such as organic phosphates and carbamates those are usually used to prevent termite attacks on wooden buildings. One of the strategies is a bait system that has already been employed in the termite-infested areas. We tried to use steamed larch wood as a monitor wood and a bait matrix to stimulate feeding acti...
S Doi, S Shibutani, K Hanada, T Miyahara
Worker aggregation and baiting for management of subterranean termites
1994 - IRG/WP 94-10052
Environmental concern in the current use of cyclodiene and other chemicals for subterranean termite control had led to search of alternative environmental friendly management strategies. Worker aggregation and baiting are promising strategies. Aggregation is mediated through food recognition, attraction to some synthetic chemicals such as d-camphor, cinnamyl alcohol and sereral styryl compounds, s...
P K Sen-Sarma
Mechanistic aspects of the reactions of copper complexes with lignin in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and lipid hydroperoxide model compounds as proposed for white rot fungi
2001 - IRG/WP 01-10399
The structural principles and the oxidative reactions of the catalytic system consisting of copper, hydroperoxides, and copper coordination compounds that contain aromatic nitrogen atoms are similar to those of catalytic centers of oxidative enzymes involved in delignification reactions of white rot fungi. The system is capable of selectively degrading lignin and its low molecular weight would all...
K Fackler, P Lamaipis, E Srebotnik, M Humar, C Tavzes, F Pohleven, M Sentjurc, T Watanabe, K Messner
Extracellular hydrogen peroxide-producing and one-electron oxidation system of brown-rot fungi
1990 - IRG/WP 1445
Wood-component-degrading compounds involved in the initial degradation of the cellulose and lignin in wood were isolated from wood-containing culture of brown-rot fungi, Gloeophyllum trabeum and Tyromyces palustris and partially purified by gel filtration on Sephadex G-25 and DEAE-Sepharose ion-exchange chromatography. The compounds were glycoproteins. The molecular weights of the glycoproteins as...
A Enoki, S Yoshioka, H Tanaka, G Fuse
The economics of saving standing wood poles. Labour saving system for pole groundline retreatment
1980 - IRG/WP 3160
This paper consists of 3 contributions First: There are still people who consider wood poles a disposable commodity much the same as paper cups and toilet paper. The idea of conservation is still new in this field, but soon conservation will be a necessity. Only two percent of the forest recources of North America are being replaced. What does it mean? We will run out of poles a lot sooner than ...
W V Inkis
Make ready of a detection system for insect attack by acoustical method
1996 - IRG/WP 96-10183
A contract CRAFT of European research allowed to build a detector prototype able to diagnose on site the presence of Hylotrupes bajulus and termites, even during the first stages of infestation when no sign of activity is visible. Based on non destructive control technics, the device picks up the acoustical waves emitted by the insects in the wood fibers. The amplification and the filtering of the...
M Hyvernaud, F Wiest, M-M Serment, M Angulo, O Winkel
The effect of a chelator mediated fenton system on activation of TMP fibres and decolorization of synthesized dyes
2004 - IRG/WP 04-50223
The purpose of this work is to improve our current knowledge of the non-enzymatic mechanisms involved in the brown rot degradation of wood, but also to study the potential applications of a chelator-mediated Fenton system in activation of wood fibers and decolorization of synthesized dyes. In this work, Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spin-trapping techniques were used to study the generation of hyd...
Yuhui Qian, B Goodell, J Jellison
A voluntary system to control the usage of wood preservatives in Austria
1993 - IRG/WP 93-50001-28
In 1991, approximately 8000 tons of solvent based and 1000 tons of mostly chromium containing water based preservatives were sold on the market annually. Already in 1959 the Austrian Wood Preservative Examination Committee (AWPEC) was founded. From the beginning, the aim was to achieve a quality control system for wood preservatives to protect both the end user of preservatives and the environment...
R Gründlinger, H Hofer
A novel chemical barrier system, KORDON® TMB, for the protection of buildings against subterranean termites using a synthetic matrix as carrier for the chemical
1998 - IRG/WP 98-10264
Kordon TMB is a new chemical barrier system for installation beneath concrete slab-on-ground constructions using a matrix other than soil as carrier for the termiticide. The product consists of a synthetic foraminous web (blanket) carrying the synthetic pyrethroid deltamethrin. The blanket is laminated on the upper side to a standard 0.2mm thick moisture vapour membrane of low density polyethylene...
M Lenz, P Morrow, S Runko
Assessment of the Termatrac™ system - a new microwave based technology for non-destructive detection of termites
2003 - IRG/WP 03-20265
Termites can be difficult to detect reliably and many detection methods are destructive to property or disturbing to the termites (which may interfere with remedial treatment). The reliability of Termatrac™, a new Australian device for the detection of termites in an unobtrusive manner, based on novel microwave technology, was tested in the field. Termite presence was assessed as indicated by th...
T A Evans
Subterranean termite foraging behaviour and the development of baiting methods used for termite control by the Division of Forest Products
1994 - IRG/WP 94-10058
Given the premise that alternatives to current subterranean termite control measures using organochlorine insecticides and arsenic trioxide have been actively researched by our Division for over ten years, emphasis on baiting methods in controlling these termites has been a major facet of our research. Recently, the new Australian Standard (AS 3660 -1993) was released which outlined the use of phy...
J R J French, J W Creffield, B M Ahmed
The use of the Sentricon Termite Colony Elimination System for controlling termites in difficult control sites in Northern California
2000 - IRG/WP 00-10361
Some termite elimination trials in Northern California with the Sentricon Termite Colony Elimination System are presented - one of a large establish-ment, one of a single family residence with a long history of termite damage, one with a single family residence where other chemical treatments had repeatedly failed, and one single family residence in which the termites had not reached the house but...
D H Kistner, R J Sbragia
Biological resistances of wood-metaborate composites using the borax solution system
2001 - IRG/WP 01-30259
Combinations of wood and metaborate composite were prepared from sapwood specimens of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and the borax and metallic salts system using the diffusion-penetrated process. Wood-metaborate composites were produced as follows: water-saturated specimens were first impregnated by a saturated borax solution and then diffuse-penetrated with Zn2+, Ca2+, or Pb2+ solution. B...
Liang Lin, T Furuno
Towards a unified international hazard class system
1996 - IRG/WP 96-20081
Working party 2.5 on International Standardisation has set the development of a unified hazard class system as a short-term objective. This document is intended to stimulate the discussion required to work towards such a system. Two possible approaches are discussed, the compromise approach and the development of a basic system from first principles. For the second approach, the factors impacting ...
P I Morris
Biological control of internal decay in Scots pine poles: A seven year experiment
1992 - IRG/WP 92-1529
The interactions between key fungi were monitored, by non-destructive and destructive sampling methods, during the course of an experiment on the effectiveness of Scytalidium sp. and Trichoderma spp. for eliminating established infections of Lentinus lepideus (Fr. ex Fr.) Fr. in creosoted Pinus sylvestris poles. Although extensively isolated at the beginning and end of the experiment, Trichoderma ...
P I Morris, D J Dickinson, B Calver
A new vacuum/pressure plant system
1988 - IRG/WP 3479
In the subtropical regions, the problem of wood supplying becomes more and more difficult to be solved. In that context, the Centre Technique Forestier Tropical had paid a particular attention to the valorization of products issued from plantations in dry zones of Africa. In these plantations, the products of clearings can be used as fencing, stakes or for traditional construction. However in thes...
C Dalois, R Schwartz, G R Y Déon
Preliminary agar screening studies as the first stage in the development of a biological control system against basidiomycetes in ground contact situations
1995 - IRG/WP 95-10111
Preliminary screening of Trichoderma isolates as possible biocontrol agents for protection of wood in ground contact situations against basidiomycete decay was undertaken on three types of media. Media used were 3% malt extract agar (MEA); a low nutrient synthetic media with a carbon: nitrogen ratio typical of that found in softwoods (LNM); and a similar synthetic media where the amino acid profil...
E J B Tucker, A Bruce