Basidiosporogenesis by brown-rot basidiomycetes in vitro
S C Croan
Basidiospores of wood-rotting basidiomycetes are a primary sourse of infection causing wood biodeterioration, especially in wood above ground. Most studies evaluating wood preservatives have used mycelia or basidiospores obtained from wild mushrooms. The objective of this study was to demonstrate in vitro methods that promote carpogenesis and basidiosporogenesis by the brown-rot fungi Antrodia carbonisa, Neolentinus lepideus, and Postia placenta. After preincubation in the dark at 27°C for 3 to 11 days, basidiospores were easily prodused in 1 to 4 months by basidiomata exposed to light at 12°C. Adequate light exposure, aeration, and low temperature treatment after preincubation are essential for fruiting body formation of these brown-rot basidiomycetes. The morphology of the basidiomata differed according to the basidiomycetes and the medium used. These results demonstrate that an enormous quantity of basidiosporee can be easily and continuously prodused in 2 to 4 months in vitro.
Keywords: CARPOGENESIS; BASIDIOSPOROGENESIS; BASIDIOMA; BASIDIOMATA; BASIDIOSPORES; HYMENIAL STRUCTURE; HYMENIUM; FRUITING BODY; BROWN ROT; WHITE ROT; BASIDIOMYCETES