Heat treatment of wood strands for OSB production: Effect on the mechanical properties, water absorption and dimensional stability

IRG/WP 02-40238

G J Goroyias, M D C Hale

The effect of heat treatment on the mechanical and physical properties of commercial OSB strands was evaluated. Heat treatment was applied under inert atmospheric conditions to wood strands. The aim of this study was to examine the heat treatment parameters to achieve significant reduction of thickness swelling (upon exposure to moisture in service) without causing excessive reductions in strength. Heat treatments of 200, 210, 220, 230, 240, 250, and 260°C for 20 minutes were applied and swelling tests were performed. Subsequently the modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity were measured in wood strands. High temperature treatments resulted in significant reductions in thickness swelling of wood strands but resulted in 20% reductions of modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity.

Keywords: Heat treatment, OSB, water absorption, dimensional stability, mechanical properties

Conference: 02-05-12/17 Cardiff, Wales, UK

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