Health hazards and environmental aspects when using Cu-HDO-containing wood preservatives in vacuum pressure plants
W Hettler, S Breyne, M Maier
Apart from the biological efficacy of wood preservatives, the health and environmental aspects concerning the utilisation of wood preservatives, the use of treated timber and the disposal of impregnated wood are of high significance today. Therefore, information on a possible aerial concentration of wood preservatives, on the mobility of active substances in soil leached from treated timber in service and on the composition and toxicity of thermal decomposition gases releasing on combustion of impregnated wood, are of absolutely fundamental interest. Measuring procedures relevant for the practical application will be presented, and the results concerning the utilisation of Cu-HDO-containing wood preservatives will be described. With the proper use of Cu-HDO-containing wood preservatives, the aerial concentration at workplace falls distinctly below the maximum permissible limit. If vacuum pressure treated timber is used properly, no active substances will seep into the ground water as a result of the leaching process of impregnated wood in service. The composition measured and the acute toxicity of the thermal decomposition gases released on combustion of impregnated wood may axtually be compared to those of untreated timber.
Keywords: HEALTH HAZARDS; ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS; PRESERVATIVES; Cu-HDO; AERIAL CONCENTRATION; SOILS; MOBILITY IN SOIL; LYSIMETER; COMBUSTION GASES