The report sketches the history of the use of wood in Iran to the establishment of the country's national forest service and gives some figures for Iran's timber needs by the year 2000. Progress in wood preservation has been slow, although items such as railway sleepers and poles have been pressure treated since the first pressure impregnation plant was erected in 1932. Today there are only four pressure treatment plants in the country. These employ both creosote and water-borne preservatives. Pentachlorophenol and other organic solvent type preservatives are used by spraying, dipping and soaking. Termites are one of the main hazards. The report concludes by recommending that the wood preservation industry should be slowly expanded to meet the needs of the Iranian people and that, as Iran is self-sufficient in wood preservative materials, research should be deployed to investigate how these might best be used to preserve the country's timbers.