The effect of heat treatment on the properties of spruce
H Viitanen, S Jämsä, L Paajanen, A J Nurmi, P Viitaniemi
The effect of high temperature treatment (above 150°C) on the wood quality is studied at the VTT. Improved dimensional stability, lower equilibrium moisture content and increased durability against biodeterioration is achieved, depending on the environmental factors. The biodeterioration resistance of spruce is improved due to changes in chemical composition and lower equilibrium moisture content. As a result of the treatment, darkening of colour and reduction of the strenght of the wood due to changes in microstructure is also observed.