The report summarizes the history of wood preservation in Italy up to the present time. Information on the Italian climate and the main hazards to timber are dealt with and the amounts of timber grown and imported and exported tabulated. The main commodities treated are poles and sleepers. The amounts of preservative used have been estimated and details listed of the 10 pressure plants in the country. The centres where works of art are treated are mentioned, but no statistics are available on the amounts of preservative used in remedial treatments. Current regulations demand that all preservatives that are manufactured, imported or sold in Italy have to be registered. Certain insecticides are banned, but there are no other mandatory requirements either for wood preservatives or treated wood. The relevant organizations are given, together with a list of the Italian Standards which for wood preservation are of recent origin and mainly based on European Standards.