Basidiosporogenesis by the white-rot basidiomycetes in vitr

IRG/WP 94-10081

S C Croan

Basidiospores of all forest-inhabiting basidiomycetes are a primary source of infection causing wood decay. However, most studies evaluating wood preservatives have used mycelia or basidiospores obtained from wild mushrooms. The objective of this study was to demonstrate in vitro methods that promote carpogenesis and basidiosporogenesis by the white-rot basidiomycetes, Schizophyllum commune and Trametes versicolor. After preincubation in the dark at 27°C for three to fifteen days, basidiospores were produced in four to sixteen weeks in basidiomes exposed to light at 12°C. Adequate light exposure, aeration, and low temperature treatment after preincubation are essential for fruiting body of these white-rotting basidiomycetes. Carpogenesis and basidiosporogenesis of Schizophyllum commune is controlled by nitrogen and carbon limitation. However, fruiting body formation in Trametes versicolor was induced by nitrogen limitation. Walset cellulose was found to be the best carboun source for carpogenesis and subsequent basidiosporogenesis. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using various potential inhibitors on basidiospore germination rather than relying on mycelial growth.


Keywords: CARPOGENESIS; BASIDIOSPOROGENESIS; BASIDIOME; CARPOPHORE; HYMENIAL STRUCTURE; HYMENIUM; FRUITING BODY; SCHIZOPHYLLUM COMMUNE; TRAMETES VERSICOLOR

Conference: 94-05-29...06-03, Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia


Download document (783 kb)
free for the members of IRG.

Order document from secretariat