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Effect of vapour boron treatment on mechanical properties of wood based board materials
1992 - IRG/WP 92-3727
The mechanical properties of Medium density fibre board, Chipboard and Oriented strand board were investigated after treatment to two retention levels of boric acid applied as a vapour phase system. A range of mechanical properties were investigated. The vapour boron treatment does not have any significant effect on most of the mechanical properties of the boards. The exception is a reduction in impact strength especially at the higher retention level.
R Hashim, D J Dickinson, R J Murphy, J Dinwoodie


Laboratory Evaluation of the Formosan Subterranean Termite Resistance of Borate-treated Rubberwood Chipboard
2004 - IRG/WP 04-30359
Both no-choice and two-choice 4-week AWPA laboratory tests were performed to evaluate the resistance of borate-treated rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) chipboard prepared from a commercial mill run, against the Formosan subterranean termite Coptotermes formosanus. Boric acid (technical granular) was incorporated into the boards during manufacture to achieve loadings of 1.0% or 1.1% boric acid equivalents (BAE). In the no-choice test, both the untreated chipboard and solid rubberwood controls sustained heavy termite attack (respective mean visual ratings of 4.6 and 2.7 on a 10-point AWPA scale), while the two retentions of borate-treated chipboard showed only light grazing (mean rating 9.2). The two-choice test demonstrated a preference of termites for solid rubberwood (mean rating 2.4) instead of untreated chipboard (rating 8.4), and for untreated (mean rating 8.4 and 8.8) instead of borate-treated (mean ratings 9.8 & 9) chipboards. Complete termite mortality in the presence of borate-treated chipboard in both laboratory tests demonstrates the toxicity of borates to Formosan subterranean termites.
A H H Wong, J K Grace


Formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) during the combustion of impregnated wood
1995 - IRG/WP 95-50040-19
Wood waste and industrial wood residues often contain various preservatives. The waste management for these residuals can be recycling, deposition or combustion. Among the three possibilities, combustion seems to be the most efficient way of disposal. To obtain detailed information about emissions of organic compounds with environmental impact, especially polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and furans (PCDF), different impregnated wood materials were incinerated in two furnaces after mixing with non-treated wood in a ratio of 1:4. The combustion process of residues containing organic or inorganic preservatives is influenced by the elementary composition of the preservative and the thermal and oxidative reaction paths in the flame. It was found that the concentrations of PCDD and PCDF in the exhaust gas can be kept low under good combustion conditions. However, a non-regular incineration process strongly supports increased emissions of PCDD and PCDF.
T Salthammer, H Klipp, R-D Peek


The resistance to Basidiomycetes fungi of chipboard 35 years after their industrial preservation with wood preservative on fluoroborate basis
2011 - IRG/WP 11-40546
The research on wood-based panels’ (WBP) behaviour towards fungi impact demonstrated rather low resistance of wood-based materials to wood rotting fungi. However, these materials are used in construction under conditions favourable to fungi growth. In such conditions WBP treated with wood preservatives should be used. Preservation durability is of great importance in such cases. The resistance of single-layer 18 mm thick particleboard preserved during manufacture with wood preservative on fluoroborate basis in 1976 (=FPB) to attack of pure culture of brown or white rot fungi was tested after 35 years since its preservation. Currently manufactured particleboard (PB) made with the use of urea-formaldehyde (UF) glue and oriented strand board (OSB) made using polymeric methylene di-phenyl-di-isocyanate (PMDI) glue were tested for comparison. The criterion of assessment of WBP resistance to fungi attack was mass loss caused by the fungi and determined in a test according to PN-ENV 12038. The tested 35 years old FBF preserved against fungi was recently still much more resistant to fungi-caused decay (Coniophora puteana, Coriolus versicolor, Pleurotus ostreatus, Gloeophyllum trabeum) than tested PB and OSB. The preservation was rated as durable; however, some symptoms of strength reduction of FBF were observed.
A Fojutowski, A Kropacz