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Washboard effect: A surface deformation of spruce resulting from vacuum-pressure impregnation with water-borne preservatives
1987 - IRG/WP 3450
The washboard effect has been observed in sawn spruce after both commercial and laboratory based preservative treatments and is of increasing economic importance. The effect is defined as a specific phenomenon at the wood surface. It is distinct from internal collapse in the wood, but it may occur in association with internal collapse damage. Experimental investigations on the causes of washboardi...
H Willeitner, R J Murphy


Step-wise pressure process for reducing surface roughness in Japanese cedar timber
2003 - IRG/WP 03-40256
Sixteen dried sawn-timber (10.5 x 10.5 x 360 cm) were cut into half. The half of them was treated by step-wise pressure process with 2.5 MPa maximum, and the other half was treated by conventional pressure process with 2.5 MPa maximum. Average DDAC preservative absorption was 461 kg/m3 in the former and 525 kg/m3 in the later. Surface roughness was expressed as the profile element height of collap...
K Yamamoto, M Nozoki


The potential of high pressure pulsation processes to treat white spruce lumber with water-borne preservatives
1988 - IRG/WP 3471
Laboratory work using end sealed 4x8x46 cm³ white spruce samples has been done to explore the suitability of three variants of a 2.1 MPa pulsation process for the impregnation of white spruce with CCA. The results showed that the process improved significantly the penetration of the preservatives and reduced significantly cell collapse, when compared with the results of treatment using a 2.1 MPa ...
J P Hösli, J N R Ruddick


Observations on colony collapse in Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) in laboratory and field settings in Wisconsin
2010 - IRG/WP 10-10709
Parallel strategies were designed to eliminate Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) from a field site in Endeavor, Wisconsin and a simulated field test setup of approximately 20,000 workers in the laboratory. Indoor and outdoor colonies of R. flavipes were baited with commercial cellulose monitoring stations and rolled cardboard stations. If the commercial cellulose baits were attacked, they were repl...
F Green III, R A Arango, G R Esenther