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Bacterial brown stain on sawn timber cut from water-stored logs
1992 - IRG/WP 92-1532
Brown stains which appear on the surface of sawn radiata pine cut from water-stored logs were identified as tannin-like compounds. They are derived from bacterial breakdown of flavanoid-glucosides. When timber is sawn from infected logs, the free flavanoids migrate to the wood surface as the timber dries. There, they condense and oxidise to form permanent brown discolourations. Stains occurred on ...
M E Hedley, R Meder

Neem leaves, a potential source for protection of hardwood against wood decaying fungus
2005 - IRG/WP 05-30370
Neem leaves are widely recognized for their insecticidal, pesticidal, fungistatic and fungitoxic ability. The present study is to investigate the efficacy of neem leaves extractives against wood destroying microbes, a brown and a white rot. Neem leaves extractives prepared in various solvents such as petroleum ether, acetone, ethanol, methanol and hot water were tested at a concentration levels of...
S Dhyani, S Tripathi, V K Jain

Interactions between wood polyphenols and detoxification enzymes of the white rot Trametes versicolor
2018 - IRG/WP 18-10906
Wood decay fungi have complex detoxification systems that enable them to cope with secondary metabolites produced by plants. Although the number of genes encoding for glutathione transferases (GSTs) is especially expanded in lignolytic fungi, little is known about their physiological target molecules. In this study, by combining thermal shift assay and affinity crystallography we highlighted inter...
M Schwartz, T Perrot, E Aubert, S Dumarçay, F Favier, P Gérardin, M Morel-Rouhier, G Mulliert, F Saiag, C Didierjean, E Gelhaye

Structure bioactivity relationships of softwood knot extracts
2023 - IRG/WP 23-11026
Antibacterial, antifungal and radical scavenging activities of knots of three softwood species have been investigated to evaluate the role of higher amounts of extractives present in knots. The results showed than Douglas fir presented higher scavenging activity than fir and spruce, which present more or less the same activities. Fir and spruce extracts presented higher antibacterial activities th...
P Gérardin, P Gérardin, D Hentges, S Dumarçay, C Audouin, C Gérardin-Charbonnier