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Isolation of a putative endogenous endo-ß-1,4-glucanase (cellulase) from the midgut diverticulae of the wood-boring crustacean, Limnoria quadripunctata
2003 - IRG/WP 03-10494
Over the last 75 years, many workers have conducted research into the digestive biochemistry of Limnoria. Cellulolytic enzymes have been detected in crude extracts, although whether these are of endogenous or microbial origin has been in question. To elucidate the source of these enzymes, RNA was isolated from the midgut diverticulae of Limnoria quadripunctata. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed using degenerate primers derived from conserved regions of known endoglucanases. This produced a fragment of cDNA that was extended by rapid amplification of complementary DNA ends (RACE). The overlapping cDNA fragments were cloned and sequenced, and the amino acid sequence of a putative protein was deduced. BLAST analysis was performed to determine the similarity between this sequence, and those of known proteins. The results indicated a conserved structural domain of a glycosyl hydrolase, and the greatest sequence homology was to endo-ß-1,4-glucanases from termite species. In situ hybridisation was performed using labelled sense and antisense probes. This indicated the presence of a cellulase-encoding mRNA in the tissues of the midgut diverticulae. These results provide the strongest evidence to date of endogenous endoglucanase production by Limnoria.
J Dymond, M J Guille, S M Cragg

Extracellular carbohydrate production by isolates of Postia (=Poria) placenta
1989 - IRG/WP 1388
A monokaryotic strain of Postia (=Poria) placenta, ME20, which is unable to degrade wood, also failed to produce extracellular polysaccharide when grown in liquid culture, regardless of carbon source or concentration. Other isolates of Postia placenta, including another monokaryon and a hybrid of this monokaryon with ME20, produced large quantities of this material. The polysaccharide consisted primarily of glucose upon acid hydrolysis and resembled the glucan reported in culture filtrates of other wood decay fungi. It was produced primarily during the logarithmic phase of growth. Isolate ME20 formed high levels of laminarinase and glucan-degrading enzymes compared to the other isolates; the glucan of ME20 may be prematurely degraded. This study supports the importance of the extracellular matrix in the wood-decay process.
J A Micales, A L Richter, T L Highley