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Durability of heat treated Malaysian bamboo Gigantochloa scortechinii strips
2010 - IRG/WP 10-40514
Bamboo is one of the fastest growing plants and can be used for various products. In tropical countries such as Malaysia bamboo is abundantly available at reasonable prices, therefore it is used for numerous purposes. However, bamboo (as a lignocellulosic material) is susceptible to fungal and insect attack and it is difficult to protect by preservative treatment. Heat treatment is an option to improve the durability of bamboo. The objective of this study was to evaluate palm oil treatment to improve durability of bamboo. A Malaysian grown bamboo species, Buluh Semantan (Gigantochloa scortechinii), was heat treated with palm oil for various times and at numerous heating temperatures before being inoculated with the basidiomycete Coriolus versicolor in an agar block test. The results demonstrated that the longer the heating time the more improved the durability of the bamboo. Altering the temperature in the palm oil treatment produced varying results. In general the higher the temperature used the more improvement to bamboo durability.
N Kamarudin, K Sugiyanto