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Questionnaire on university instruction in the subject of wood preservation
1977 - IRG/WP 79
J Wazny

Wood preservation in Brazil
1978 - IRG/WP 3126
Wood preservation was stablished in Brazil by 1902 in order to provide treated sleepers for railways, since there was a shortage of durable hardwoods in area served by railways. The growing need of sleepers and poles together with the availability of Eucalyptus spp. contributed for the development of wood preservation. Many wood preservation plants started to be stablished in 1957, and in 1977 their total number was 34, most of them for treatment of sleepers and poles with pentachlorophenol, creosote, CCA and CCB, all made in Brazil. Wood preservation research has been carried out since 1931, but there are few specialists in Brazil. Federal Governmental laws, Brazilian standards, the stablishment of ABPM (Brazilian Wood Preservers' Association), and the IBDF-IPT-ABPM Contract are the main causes for recent development of wood preservation in Brazil.
M S Cavalcante

The InnovaWood Module Bank: Building an international e-learning platform for shared MSc courses in wood science and technology
2019 - IRG/WP 19-50355
The InnovaWood Module Bank is a shared e-Learning platform for standalone science, technology and education modules in wood science. A group of members of InnovaWood have committed to jointly develop this platform. The institutes benefit in that they can widen the range of courses they offer and use their teaching capacities more efficiently. Students obtain the possibility to take online courses at another university without the need of costly exchange programmes. New e-Learning tools and teaching methods give them more choice and more flexibility to pursue their own individual preferences during their studies. To participate in the Module Bank, organisations must commit to providing at least one module of 3 ECTS at the MSc level. In return they obtain access to the whole series of modules that are offered collectively. The main benefits are that an institution obtains access to high quality lectures of experienced teachers in specific thematic fields and the opportunity to complement their core study programmes with additional online modules. Among others, these contain a module on ‘Wood degradation and wood protection’ by the University of Göttingen, which is relevant for IRG. The Module Bank contributes to new internationalisation experiences and a diversification of teaching contents and formats.
M Irle, U Kies, H Militz, P Sauerbier, M Vieux, A Prosic, B Wolfsberger, F Pichelin, I Mayer

GDR3544 “Science du Bois” - Academic and Industrial French Partnerships on Wood Science
2019 - IRG/WP 19-50362
The wood sciences are currently practiced by a very diverse community of disciplines, themes and institutional contexts of different actors. The Research Group in Wood Sciences (GDR3544 "Sciences du Bois") was created in 2012 by the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), and renewed from 2016 to 2020. The objectives of GDR " Science du Bois " are to manage the coordination of wood science in France, improve the communication between international scientific community and companies, develop formation and training courses for master and PhD students, facilitate the skills and capacities transfers, identify issues and challenges and finally to serve as relay to international networks. The GDR3544 " Science du Bois " is currently supported by several institutes of the CNRS (main affiliation with INSIS, with the support of INEE, INC, INSHS via the teams involved or the sections of the National Committee requested). It is subsidized by the CNRS, the Ministry of Culture and Communication, INRA, Labex and sponsors solicited by the hosts of the organized events. It includes about 730 people (including 450 permanent) distributed in CNRS units and other organizations (INRA, CIRAD, Culture Ministry, Universities, engineering schools, FCBA, etc ...). The teams concerned come from different disciplines: mechanics, physics, chemistry, biology, Human and Social Sciences. This scientific network is focused on an object: constituent of the tree, material of craftsmen and engineers and archive of past events. In addition to this national network, there are foreign partners who are geographically or culturally close to French teams and who have established lasting relationships with them in the field of wood sciences.
J Gril, R Marchal, K Candelier