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Field tests out of ground contact in France: Definition of the test procedure and preliminary results after 18 months
1981 - IRG/WP 2161
M Fougerousse


Wood preservation in France. "Bois plus" chain of quality. Description of the scheme early 1989
1989 - IRG/WP 3519
1989 - description of the French "CTB-BOIS PLUS" homologation scheme...
G Ozanne


Point sur la réglementation et contraintes administratives
1990 - IRG/WP 3575
J H Moneger


Wood Preservation in France. A statement of quality control early 1986
1986 - IRG/WP 3389
A statement of quality control in France early 1986 - Summary of new - Standards criteria for preservatives and treated wood - Aptitude of treated wood for use per class of biological hazard
M Romeis, G Ozanne


Preliminary attempts towards the development of a small scale termite rearing chamber. Progress report
1983 - IRG/WP 1203
The results suggest that there is no evidence that the volume of the rearing chamber plays a part in the settlement of a colony. These rearing chambers present a factor of productivity (final enumeration)/(initial enumeration) of roughly 2 after one year. 90% of the colony survived. This method of breeding can be considered as feasible and cheap.
M Argoud, J C Palla, R Sternalsky


Geographical distribution of termites inside buildings in France
1991 - IRG/WP 1512
Since several years, data concerning infestations of buildings by termites are collected by CTBA. Most of them come from of the localizations communicated by the Pest Control Operators in the frame of the Approval. Maps were settled in 1975, 1981 and lastly in 1989. These maps show that the areas infested by termites are extending. Processing of data is described.
M-M Serment, A-M Pruvost


Study of the natural durability and impregnability of a metropolitan species of tree
1986 - IRG/WP 2261
The current and predictable evolution of construction timber supply conditions is motivating research for a more efficient utilization of native woods. It is now important to determine statistically reliable impregnability values on a national scale, and to evaluate the natural durability of woods recently introduced in France, or economically important native woods.
M E Mathieu


Preliminary attempts towards the development of a small-scale termite rearing chamber
1982 - IRG/WP 1148
The paper suggests how to prepare a small-scale rearing chamber for termites which might be used for testing the effectiveness of possible termiticides. A technique for breeding the termites is suggested.
M Argoud, J Mocotte, R Sternalsky


Some biological observations on the management of preservativion experiments with submerged timber in the marine environment
1976 - IRG/WP 421 E
P Deschamps


Examen chimique du traitement de poteaux effectué à St-Michel s/Meurthe
1974 - IRG/WP 337
J Guillemain-Thévenot, C Jacquiot


The most important wood-destroying insects in various countries (Results of questionnaire)
1981 - IRG/WP 1136
M-M Serment


Quelques observations biologiques sur la conduite des essais de protection des bois immerges en milieu marin
1976 - IRG/WP 421
P Deschamps


Traitement curatif des bois en place. Hygiène et sécurité
1990 - IRG/WP 3585
P Huré


Second international symposium on wood preservation "The challenge safety-environment" 8-9 February 1993, Cannes-Mandelieu, France
1993 - IRG/WP 93-50001
Contains the following 34 Documents (IRG/WP 93-50001/1 - IRG/WP 93-50001/34) and 4 abstracts: A methodology for the life-cycle assessment of treated timber products (IRG/WP 93-50001/1) Initial results and observations of a model system to assess the efficacy and environmetal impact of preservative treated wood (IRG/WP 93-50001/2) Borates as wood preservatives - an environmental, health and safety perspective (IRG/WP 93-50001/3) The shower test method. A leaching test for assessing preservative losses from treated timber under simulated open storage conditions (IRG/WP 93-50001/4) A comparative study of CCA type C and B treated poles in service (IRG/WP 93-50001/5) Laboratory experiments on aerial emissions from wood treated with wood stains (IRG/WP 93-50001/6) Depletion of preservatives from treated wood: Results from laboratory, fungus cellar and field test (IRG/WP 93-50001/7) Modelling of PCP migration in the environment: Feeding the models with laboratory data (IRG/WP 93-50001/8) Programme d'études sur le pentachlorophénol (IRG/WP 93-50001/9) Système informatisé d'aide à la décision pour la gestion de la migration du pentachlorophénol dans l'environnement (IRG/WP 93-50001/10) Health hazards and environmental aspects when using Cu-HDO-containing wood preservatives in vacuum pressure plants (IRG/WP 93-50001/11) On-site test for indicative determination of leaching of components of preservatives from treated timber (IRG/WP 93-50001/12) Assessment of losses of wood preservatives from treated wood by leaching into the environment (IRG/WP 93-50001/13) Le séchage arificiel du bois. Simple opération de traitement du metériau ou méthode douce de préservation? [Wood kiln drying. Simple process of material treament or soft method of preservation?] (IRG/WP 93-50001/14) Social and economocal impact of an extension of service life resulting of an adequate preventive treatment. Application to wooden components used in urban areas with a high density of population (IRG/WP 93-50001/15) Extending the useful life of creosoted electricity distribution poles in service (IRG/WP 93-50001/16) Utilisation industrielle du bois. Préservation de la matière première par des utilisations rationnelles successives de ses propriétés (IRG/WP 93-50001/17) The potential for reuse of treated wood poles removed from service (IRG/WP 93-50001/18) Development of a commercial-scale CCA chemical sludge recycling system (IRG/WP 93-50001/19) Persistance of active ingredients in treated wood (IRG/WP 93-50001/20) Solidification - A viable option for the safe disposal of CCA treatment plant wastes (IRG/WP 93-50001/21) Microbial decomposition of salt treated wood (IRG/WP 93-50001/22) Délavabilité de bois ronds traités avec un sel CCA dans des conditions réelles de stockage. Incidence pratique de la fixation accélérée par étuvage. Impact effectif sur l'environnement (IRG/WP 93-50001/23) The microbiological treatment of chlorophenolic preservative in spent utility poles (IRG/WP 93-50001/24) The fate of salt preservatives in facility yard soils and decontamination of soils and drainage waters (IRG/WP 93-50001/25) Decomposition of biocides in aqueous media cases of MTC and TCMTB (IRG/WP 93-50001/26) Quantification des émanations de substances dans l'air ambiant a partir des bois traités (IRG/WP 93-50001/27) A voluntary system to control the usage of wood preservatives in Austria (IRG/WP 93-50001/28) Health and safety in use of antistain chemicals (IRG/WP 93-50001/29) Dutch work programme for environmental measures in wood preserving industry (IRG/WP 93-50001/30) Dutch national environmental policy strategy (NMP): Implications throughout the life cycle of treated timber and for the Dutch preservation industry (IRG/WP 93-50001/31) Eco-tax - A new threat for wood preservation? The Belgian experience (IRG/WP 93-50001/32) Inventaire des "déchets" ou produits connexes de la filière bois (IRG/WP 93-50001/33) Trends in environmental management in industry. Implications for wood preservation activities (IRG/WP 93-50001/34)
Anonymous


Interim report on world survey of sap displacement impregnation of timber
1974 - IRG/WP 329
At the 4th Annual Meeting of the IRG held in West Berlin in October 1972 it was suggested that a survey of sap displacement impregnation of timber would be of interest. Accordingly through the courtesy and co-operation of the New Zealand Department of Trade and Industry a questionnaire was circulated to the Trade Commissioners for transmission to the relevant organisations in various parts of the world. Despite the fact that the questionnaire was prepared in January this year, the Trade Commissioners have been able already to return to the Department of Trade and Industries a surprising number of replies which have included in some instances relevant papers, bulletins, references and valuable comments. It is expected that substantial contributions are yet to come from other countries such as France, Germany, Japan, Russia and Sweden. Nevertheless it is considered that the evaluation of the material already to hand justifies the presentation of an interim report.
F B Shorland, C G W Mason


Valid scientific names of wood-decaying fungi in construction timber and their vernacular names in England, Germany, France, Sweden, Norway and Denmark
1992 - IRG/WP 92-1546
The valid scientific names of 100 species of wood decaying fungi in construction timber are listed, the citation of authors' names is standardized, and an index of the most commonly used synonyms is compiled. For each species vernacular names used in England, Germany, France, Sweden, Norway and Denmark are listed. The list of names is an attempt to update the current use of the most important species names used by specialists dealing with decay or discolouration of timber caused by fungi.
F Rune, A P Koch


Summary report: Symposium "The challenge - Safety and Environment"
1990 - IRG/WP 3590
This summary, presented orally to the audience before the closure of the meeting, received on the principles a wide consensus. It has been written down to be submitted for presentation and discussion at the IRG/21st meeting in ROTORUA, 13-18 may 1990. It cantains summaries from Dr C R Coggins, chairman of Session I (PESTICIDES AND FORMULATIONS); Dr B Hegarty, chairman of Session II (TREATED WOOD); V N P Mathur, chairman of Session III (WASTE MANAGEMENT) and G. Ozanne, chairman of the Symposium
Anonymous


Proceedings from the wood preservation symposium "The Challenge - Safety and Environment" 19-20 February 1990, Cannes, France
1990 - IRG/WP 3600
Contains the List of Participants and the following 29 Documents (IRG/WP/3562-3590): Canadian code of good practices - Recommendations for design and operation of wood preservation facilities. (IRG/WP/3582) Current models used by the European health authorities to evaluate the vililization of active ingredients from treated wood used inside dwellings. (IRG/WP/3565) Creosote and cancer. (IRG/WP/3572) Surveillance médicale des personels exposés aux produits de préservation du bois. (IRG/WP/3588) Traitement curatif des bois en place. Hygiène et securité. (IRG/WP/3585) Point sur la réglementation et contraintes administratives. (IRG/WP/3575) The environment and the timber preservation in the Benelux countries. (IRG/WP/3580) Safe handling of solvents in relation to classification and labelling. (IRG/WP/3569) Proposed methodology for the assessment of safety indexes. (IRG/WP/3562) Determination of fixation properties by bioassays. A proposal for the assessment of safety indexes in wood protection. (IRG/WP/3566) The risk assessment process. Point of view of a biocide manufacturer. (IRG/WP/3568) Evaluation of the biocide diffusion from treated wood in indoor air. Bibliographic study. (IRG/WP/3584) Etude de l'impact d'un xénobiotique sur le milieu aquatique: Approche méthodologique. (IRG/WP/3586) The effect of acid rain on CCA treated timber. (IRG/WP/3579) Studies on the mobility of arsenic, copper and chromium in CCA-contaminated soil. (IRG/WP/3571) Radical changes in the requirements for rnore safe pressure impregnation in the Nordic countries in 1988. (IRG/WP/3581) Wood preservation and the environment: A Canadian perspective. (IRG/WP/3577) Disposal of treated wood - Canada. (IRG/WP/3563) Composting of waste building up in sawmill dipping basins. (IRG/WP/3570) Gestion des déchets dans le groupe Rhône-Poulenc. (IRG/WP/3583) Utility pole recycling and disposal in Eastern Canada. (IRG/WP/3587) Le rôle de l'expert dans l'évaluation toxicologique. (IRG/WP/3589) Modélisation sur maquette du rejet accidentel d'un gaz toxique dans l'atmosphere. (IRG/WP/3576) An example of media response to perceived environmental problems with CCA-treated wood. (IRG/WP/3564) The role of communication in the field of environment protection. A case study "Wood protection". (IRG/WP/3574) Will political initiatives stop the use of preservative-treated wood in Sweden? (IRG/WP/3578) A new preservative - A double edged sword. (IRG/WP/3573) In search of excellence, a necessary challenge. (IRG/WP/3567) Summary report: Symposium "The challenge Safety and Environment" (IRG/WP/3590)
Anonymous


Wood preservatives. The state of French legislation (June 1977)
1977 - IRG/WP 3106
There does not exist any special legislation for preservatives but general laws may intervene at three levels:-Manufacture -Transport -Selling. In every case, it is based on a poisonous substances classification, an official classification provided by a para-governmental organisation which includes toxicologists. This legislation may refer to other texts: categories of danger for transport (the European legislation is official in France since 1976), classification of professional diseases, classification of activities under regulation, cards from the Institut National de Securite (Safety National Institute) rules from the Securite Sociale (Social Security), laws on dangerous premises, working laws, etc. Practically all these texts result in: - either distinguishing marks on packagings (diversely coloured labels with symbolical drawings, etc); - either respecting some manufacturing precautions; - either, when settling a new plant, some obligations concerning minimal distances from, houses, the nature and shape of the containers, etc. It is necessary to get the agreement of the town authorities on the choice of the treatment site. In the case we are considering, there is no need for official authorisation relative to manufacture, transport or selling. Indeed, the French legislation is quite precise: -either the manufactured products are intended for human consumption directly (pharmacological and agricultural products) or indirectly (fertilizers used for agriculture or food packaging). Then, they must: get a sale authorisation, appear on an official list with their formulation, and in some cases (pharmacology) manufacture and sale site must be authorised too, -either, the manufactured products are not meant for human consumption, even if they can be put in contact with the skin (dies for cloth, beauty preparation, varnishes or paints, etc). It is never necessary to obtain permission to sell provided that packaging laws are respected. It is the same for wood preservatives. In order to simplify the situation, we shall consider successively the three possible fields from the regulation point of view, the three fields mentioned above. In the same way, we shall only consider the three common types of preservatives. -Derivatives from coal distillation (creosotes) -Organic solvent products -Water-borne salts
M Romeis, P Guéneau


Laboratory method for testing the effectiveness of soil termiticides
1992 - IRG/WP 92-1561
In France, the protection of buildings against termites is based on a chemical treatment of wood, soil and walls. Because of the withdrawal of aldrin from the market, the need of new soil termiticides has appeared. Therefore, a laboratory method derived from Cymorek's method has been developped to assess their effectiveness. Some points are developed like the type of soil, the number of termites, the use of a reference product, the ageing tests and the evaluation criteria. Three termiticides have been tested.
M-M Serment, A-M Pruvost


"XYLOPHENE ANTI-TERMITES" :A complete range of treatment products against termites
2000 - IRG/WP 00-30230
Dyrup-Xylochimie purpose for several years efficient treatment products for timber and wood materials, with its trade mark : "Xylophèn". As everybody know, termites become an important problem for construction in France. So important that, a national law was voted in May 1999, to define areas where termites are present, in order to protect future landowner. To prevent efficiently termites damages, Dyrup-Xylochimie has developped, with its suppliers, a complete range of treatment product, included wood treatment products : - An anti-termites polyurethane foam : "Xylophèn Anti-Termites Mousse Polyuréthane" - An anti-termites bitumi nous emulsion products for the protection of underground walls : "Xylophèn Anti-Termites Fondations et murs enterrés" - A range of liquid treatment for soil and/or wall treatment : "Xylophèn Biflex", "Xylophèn sols attaqués", "Xylophèn sols sains" - Bait treatment based on an active ingredient named Sulfluramid : "Xylophèn FirstLine GT" and "Xylophèn FirstLine". This paper describe products, included in this range, concerning their efficacy, their function and their application. The aim of this range is to purpose different kind of solution to prevent termites damages, regarding environmental aspect, feasibility aspect, effiency aspect and cost aspect. Xylophèn: Trade Mark of Dyrup-Xylochimie Biflex and FirstLine: Trade Mark of FMC Corporation.
L Cubizolles, E Wozniak


Proceedings of the 3rd international wood preservation symposium "The Challenge - Safety and Environment" 6-7 February 1995, Cannes-Mandelieu, France
1995 - IRG/WP 95-50040
Contains the following 35 Documents (IRG/WP 95-50040/1 - IRG/WP 93-50040/35), conclusions (summaries of the sessions chairmen) and some poster abstracts: Le pin: Matériau à contact alimentaire [Pine wood as a material for food contact] (IRG/WP 95-50040/1); The use of a physical field model to study the effects of remedially treated timber on the growth of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and rye (Secale cereale), and the accumulation of toxic preservative constituents in Lolium perenne (IRG/WP 95-50040/2); Modèles de laboratoire et évaluation des risques. Protocole pour l'étude physiqo-chimique et toxicologique de la thermolyse de bois, de matériaux composites et de végétaux arbustifs (IRG/WP 95-50040/3); LCA examination of preservative treated timber products and alternatives; initial results (IRG/WP 95-50040/4); Life cycle analysis of utility poles. A Swiss case study (IRG/WP 95-50040/5); Environmental impact of PCP and NaPCP in the aquatic and atmospheric compartment (IRG/WP 95-50040/6); Pentachlorophenol: The non-emotional approach. Second draft: A discussion document (IRG/WP 95-50040/7); Methods for the assessment of wood preservative movement in soil (IRG/WP 95-50040/8); Cancer incidence among CCA exposed workers in the wood preserving industry (IRG/WP 95-50040/9) Less environmental impact of wood preservatives by considering the risk of attack in addition to the hazard class system (IRG/WP 95-50040/10); Quality and safety scheme for wood in food contact (IRG/WP 95-50040/11); Controlled fixation technology (IRG/WP 95-50040/12); Effect of leaching temperature and water acidity on the loss of metal elements from CCA treated timber in aquatic conditions. Part 2: Semi-industrial investigation (IRG/WP 95-50040/13); PCP in aquatic environments arising from historic contamination at wood processing and preservation sites (IRG/WP 95-50040/14); Evaluation of impact of CCA-treated wood on the marine environment (IRG/WP 95-50040/15); FIPRONIL - une nouvelle molécule insecticide Rhône Poulenc pou le PCO et la protection du bois [FIPRONIL - A new insecticide from Rhône Poulenc for PCO and wood preservation] (IRG/WP 95-50040/16); Traitement des matériaux lignocellulosiques en présence des composés halogénés (Risques toxiques des produits de combustion) (IRG/WP 95-50040/17); Emissions from the combusting of boron and fluoride containing wood (IRG/WP 95-50040/18); Formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) during the combustion of impregnated wood (IRG/WP 95-50040/19); Harmonisation of technical requirements of treated wood in Europe. What can we learn from the experience in the Nordic countries? (IRG/WP 95-50040/20); Environmental situations on wood preservation industries in Japan (IRG/WP 95-50040/21) The use of light organic solvents in industrial wood preservation - an environmental perspective (IRG/WP 95-50040/22); Risk assessment and the approval of wood preservatives in the United Kingdom (IRG/WP 95-50040/23); Non agricultural biocide directive. Practical proposals of implementation in the case where biocides are wood preservatives (IRG/WP 95-50040/24); The biocides directive (IRG/WP 95-50040/25); Pentachlorophenol - The US and Canadian experience (IRG/WP 95-50040/26); Pentachlorophenol, its salts and esters; UK review of its uses in wood preservation and surface biocides (IRG/WP 95-50040/27); Exemptions from harmonization measures under Article 100a(4): The second authorization of the German ban on PCP (IRG/WP 95-50040/28); Cleaner prodiction and the wood preserving industry (IRG/WP 95-50040/29); Pest control products act. An overview of regulation of heavy duty wood preservatives (IRG/WP 95-50040/30); Assessment of the environmental impacts in life cycle analysis (IRG/WP 95-50040/31); Nouvelles techniques de lutte anti-termites à faible impact environnemental (IRG/WP 95-50040/32); Use of wood-decay fungi for disposal of PCP-treated wood (IRG/WP 95-50040/33); The collaborative developement of soil acceptance criteria for timber treatment chemicals in New Zealand (IRG/WP 95-50040/34); Sediment toxicity study of marine piles treated with CCA-C (IRG/WP 95-50040/35)
Anonymous


Termite legislation in France: Termite control measures and prevention rules in building construction
2010 - IRG/WP 10-20448
Reticulitermes subterranean termites are considered as urban pests in France because they are harmful for wood-based in the South and the southwestern quarter of the country. Since November 2006 new protective measures of building construction have been introduced by the French parliament which must be applied across the country and in overseas territories to prevent termite infestations. All new buildings that are erected in areas where such infestations have already been reported must use termite-resistant wood for structural purposes and include a device protecting the interface between the structure and the ground beneath (a physico-chemical barrier, a physical barrier or a design allowing the inspection of the construction’s foundations).
M Kutnik, M Jequel, I Paulmier, D Ansard