Your search resulted in 26 documents. Displaying 25 entries per page.
Insect resistance of preservative treated tropical plywood against Lyctus
1990 - IRG/WP 1453
Seven plywood types composed of tropical wood species, vulnerable to Lyctus, were treated with various commercial water-borne and oil-borne preservatives. A wide range of preservative retentions was obtained by treating boards with dip treatment, steeping, double-vacuum and vacuum-pressure impregnations. Selected samples were subsequently tested for their insect resistance against Lyctus africanus...
J Van Acker, M Stevens, M Pallaske
Exposure trial at tropical marine sites of pyrethroid/creosote mixtures as wood preservatives: Preliminary results
1989 - IRG/WP 4155
Pinus sylvestris sapwood blocks measuring 25 x 25 x 200 mm³, impregnated using a Lowry or Rüping pressure treatment cycle with solutions of permethrin, cypermethrin or deltamethrin in BS144 creosote, have been exposed at marine sites in Australia, Papua New Guinea, the U.K. and Singapore. The effectiveness of these solutions in preventing marine borer attack is being compared with the efficacy o...
S M Cragg
Surveillance médicale des personnels exposés aux produits de préservation du bois
1990 - IRG/WP 3588
Laboratory study on the effectiveness on photostable pyrethroids formulated with benzalkonium chloride to be used on furniture
1985 - IRG/WP 3346
The first results are presented of a study on the effectiveness of photostable pyrethroids formulated with banezalkonium chloride. Initially the products were submitted to preliminary tests and then the more efficient formulations were tested with a new essay that tries to simulate a dry-wood termite attack on furniture....
A M F Oliveira, A T De Lelis
The use of pyrethroids against Limnoria spp
1981 - IRG/WP 473
Synthetic pyrethroid insecticides discovered in the last fifteen years have been developed as crop sprays and used in aerosol formulations for the control of household pests. High toxicity to a wide range of arthropod pests, combined with reasonably low mammalian toxicity, confers an advantage over many other control agents. Some of the more recent pyrethroids are photostable and display residual ...
D Rutherford, R C Reay, M G Ford
Test of N-tritylmorpholine in combination with synthetic pyrethroids against marine borers in tropical Australia and Panama
1991 - IRG/WP 4168
Test blocks ol Pinus sylvestris sapwood were pressure impregnated with white spirit solutions of N-tritylmorpholine, either alone or in combination with permethrin, deltamethrin or cypermethrin. They were exposed in the intertidal zone at Mourilyan Harbour, North Queensland, Australia and subtidally at either end of the Panama Canal. After 5 months' exposure at Naos Island at the Pacific ...
S M Cragg, J D Bultman
The residual effects of remedial timber treatments on bats
1986 - IRG/WP 1281
By means of controlled laboratory experiments it was established that timber treatment fluids containing g-HCH and pentachlorophenol (PCP) and used according to manufacturers recommendations rapidly cause the death of pipistrelle bats roosting in contact with timber treated between six weeks and 14 months previously. The chemicals responsible are presumably ingested when the bats groom their fur a...
P A Racey, S M Swift
An evaluation of the synthetic pyrethroid cypermethrin in organic solvent and emulsion formulations
1984 - IRG/WP 3290
The studies reported indicate that cypermethrin (NRDC 149) has considerable potential as an insecticide for wood preservatives. Cypermethrin appears to be about twice as effective as permethrin. The effectiveness of cypermethrin compared with g-HCH varies depending on the insect species, the phase of the life cycle and size of larva: for example, against mature Anobium larvae cypermethrin is appro...
S J Read, R W Berry
Persistance of active ingredients in treated wood
1993 - IRG/WP 93-50001-20
Disposing of chemically protected waste wood implies the distinction between surface and pressure treatment. Considering that barked round-wood merely contains, after 7 months open storage, less than 30 g per ton of bark or 25 mg per ton of sapwood, depending on the type of insecticide, the bark or sapwood shavings may be incinerated normally, according to less severe legal prescriptions than for ...
E Graf, P Manser, S Rezzonico, B Zgraggen
The loss of insecticidal action from synthetic pyrethroid-treated wood samples: The effect of high temperatures and relative humidities
1992 - IRG/WP 92-1569
This paper describes the results from bioassays using Hylotrupes bajulus, and chemical analyses, of pyrethroid-treated wood samples following storage for up to 3 years. A range of four storage environments was used consisting of combinations of two temperatures (20°C and 40°C) and two relative humidities (60% and 90%). It is concluded from the chemical analyses that, although losses at room temp...
R W Berry, S J Read
The effect of synthetic pyrethroid insecticides on post-treatment emergence of Anobium punctatum
1992 - IRG/WP 92-1568
Data is presented from trials in which wood specimens, treated with a range of remedial insecticidal formulations, were aged in a roof void for 5 years and then tested for emergence of adult Anobium punctatum. The technique used followed that described in IRG/WP/2175. The results from formulations containing synthetic pyrethroids are compared with those from formulations containing the chlorinated...
R W Berry
Laboratory tests on the residual effects of pyrethroids against termites thirteen years after application
1994 - IRG/WP 94-30056
This paper is in continuation to a series of articles published on the work being developed in Brazil regarding the feasibility of using photostabl synthetic pyrethroids against termites. Tests were carried out to compare the efficacy of five synthetic pyrethroids with the traditional organo-chlorinated pesticide, chlordane. Wooden blocks were impregnated with alcohol-based solutions of the above-...
A M F Oliveira
Pyrethroids: Isomerism and efficacy
1986 - IRG/WP 1284
Pyrethroids are drawing increasing attention to the wood preservative formulators because: ( 3; 6) a) pyrethroids reveal good efficacy against a large variety of wood boring insects by contact. b) pyrethroids show good long term efficacy because of their high stability in timber. c) mammal toxicity is relatively low ( e.g. bats) (9). d) pyrethroids are almost odorless. It was found that diffe...
R Gruening, R Pospischil, S Cymorek, W Metzner
Qualitative and quantitative assessment of chemicals used for wood durability improvement by Near Infrared Spectroscopy
2006 - IRG/WP 06-20349
The Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) could be a suitable technique to assess chemicals used for wood durability improvement in the forest products industry. NIRS methodology can be used to obtain results more quickly, less costly and without damaging the wood. In this study, wood samples selected from heartwood and sapwood of Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster) were prepared to assess the artificial d...
S Zahri, F Charrier, H Baillères, B Charrier
Laboratory bioassay and field trial on imidacloprid and cypermethrin as glueline treatments for softwood plywood
2006 - IRG/WP 06-30405
The effectiveness of imidacloprid and cypermethrin as glueline treatments for protecting phenol formaldehyde (PF)-bonded Pinus radiata (radiata pine) plywood from attack by subterranean termites was evaluated both in the laboratory and field. Imidacloprid was evaluated in two plywood constructions (19 ply x 1.6 mm-thick veneers and 5 ply x 3.2 mm-thick veneers) whereas cypermethrin was evaluated i...
J W Creffield, D K Scown
VOC-free remedial treatment agent on organic solvent basis with surface cleaning by photocatalysis using titanium dioxide
2014 - IRG/WP 14-40651
Due to the EU Regulations according to the harmonisation of the European market of biocidal products and the EU Regulations regarding emissions of volatile organic compounds in residential properties a new VOC free yet organic solvent based remedial treatment agent is introduced including a potential method to clean up the wooden surface of remaining biocides after a remedial treatment using photo...
H Ahl, J Fromm, P Jüngel, E Melcher, M Pallaske
Termiticide Residues in Gravel Fill
2014 - IRG/WP 14-20553
Downward dispersion of liquid termiticide in gravel was determined by measuring active ingredient (a.i.) residues of two frequently applied liquid pyrethroid termiticides during one year following surface applications at lowest label rates (Up-Cyde Pro® 2 EC-cypermethrin; BaseLine® EC-bifenthrin) over the two most extensively used commercial building construction gravel foundation fills in Oklah...
B M Kard, C E Konemann, K T Shelton, C C Luper, R A Grantham, M E Payton
Above ground field testing: results of experiments in Brazil after one year
2015 - IRG/WP 15-30660
After the development of new products they need to be field-tested to assess their efficacy under diverse conditions of climate, comparing them with a preservative with proven efficacy. In some testing sites, decay occurs very slowly. The solution would be to bring these tests to locations that are conducive to biodeterioration, like tropical climates. Tropical sites provide higher temperature and...
M F Natale, J M Vidal
Development of a new characterization method to analyse Cypermethrin penetration in wood material by immunolabelling
2015 - IRG/WP 15-30674
The preservative efficacy of organic biocides is strongly related to their capacity of penetration and retention within wood tissues. The specific detection of the pyrethroid insecticide cypermethrin is currently obtained after extraction followed by chemical analysis by chromatography techniques. However visualizing the insecticide molecule within the wood structure requires specific probes toget...
S Tapin-Lingua, K Ruel, J-P Joseleau, D Messaoudi, O Fahy, M Jequel, M Petit-Conil
Termiticide Residues in Building Foundation Aggregate Fills After Trench and Surface Applications
2015 - IRG/WP 15-30679
Termiticide concentrations (ppm) in aggregate fill were determined by measuring active ingredient (a.i.) residues of two pyrethroid termiticides, Up-Cyde Pro® 2EC-cypermethrin, and BaseLine® EC-bifenthrin, at 24.0 hours, and then at 6.0- and 12.0-months after ‘horizontal’ surface applications, perimeter ‘trenching and rodding’ applications, or ‘rodding only’ trench applications at lo...
B M Kard, C E Koneman, K T Shelton, C C Luper, R A Grantham
Superior kempas hardwood protection with two proprietary microemulsion termiticdes based on permethrin and cyermethrin against Coptotermes termite attack under H2 an H3 weathered conditions found in buildings
2018 - IRG/WP 18-10931
SARPECO® and AXIL® solutions are water-based wood preservatives approved for dipping treatment providing 25 years of termite protection for solid wood and wood-based products in Europe and for more than 10 years in Indonesia. SARPECO® and AXIL® solutions are patented formulations based on concentrated microemulsions (ME) diluted with water as a dipping treatment but also for vacuum pressure tr...
D Messaudi, A H H Wong, C A D Tawi, N Bourguiba, O Fahy
A non-VOC approach of solvent-based wood preservatives for remedial treatment
2016 - IRG/WP 16-30681
Solvent-based wood preservatives are the workhorses in the field of remedial treatment. Due to new European regulations on the indoor air quality there is an increasing pressure on the VOC-content on these solvent-based product types. The transfer of these European regulations into national law is left up to each European member state and handled in different ways. E.g. France has introduced a VO...
M Pallaske, S Hellkamp, P Jüngel
Exemplary aboveground hardwood protection from Coptotermes curvignathus under weathered conditions conferred by proprietary microemulsion-based cypermethrin (SARPECO®) and permethrin (AXIL®) biocides
2019 - IRG/WP 19-30749
SARPECO® (with cypermethrin) and AXIL® (with permethrin) solutions are water-based wood preservatives approved for dipping treatment providing 25 years of termite protection for solid wood and wood-based products in Europe and for more than 10 years in Indonesia. SARPECO® and AXIL® solutions are patented formulations based on concentrated microemulsions (ME) diluted with water as a dipping tre...
D Messaoudi, A H H Wong, C A D Tawi, N Bourguiba, O Fahy
Monitoring uptake and penetration of pesticides during impregnation of pine (Pinus sylvestris) and spruce (Picea abies) wood with bio-based microemulsion gel formulations
2020 - IRG/WP 20-30756
Even in dry state wood is susceptible to biological degradation. Preservation against biological decay in exposed conditions is conventionally achieved by impregnating the wood with pesticides applied at professional and industrial levels. Impregnation of wood with preservatives is a complex process that involves wood macro- and microstructure, and the physical characteristics of woods. Here we fo...
D Messaoudi, K Ruel, J-P Joseleau
A novel wood preservative with vegetal extracts-cypermethrin mixture protects H2-weathered envelope-treated tropical hardwood kempas against Coptotermes termites
2023 - IRG/WP 23-30794
In accordance with sustainability development initiatives by commercial wood protection to conceive of cost-effective, environmentally acceptable wood treatment solutions replacing traditional biocides, this paper reports an aboveground subterranean termite test of termite-susceptible heartwood blocks of the tropical (Malaysian) structural hardwood kempas (Koompassia malaccensis) envelope-treated ...
D Messaoudi, A H H Wong