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Molecular Microbiology and Wood Protection
2009 - IRG/WP 09-20416
During the last decade, the development of molecular tools has allowed significant advances in environmental microbiology. Such techniques have proved to be invaluable tools for the qualitative and quantitative description of environmental microbial communities. The aim of this paper, written for non-specialized readers, is to discuss the possible applications of such tools in wood preservation fi...
E Gelhaye, M Morel


Oxidative stress and lignin peroxidase production in Phanerochaete chrysosporium
2008 - IRG/WP 08-10655
In Phanerochaete chrysosporium liquid cultures, the induction of lignin peroxidases is directly related to accumulation of reactive oxygen species at the mitochondrial level. In this study, we demonstrate that the expression of the mitochondrial thiol-related antioxidant system is not directly coupled to the LiPs expression. When the antioxidant systems are not able to cope with ROS accumulation, ...
M Morel, L Diss, C Fourrey, M Chalot, M Droux, J P Jacquot, E Gelhaye


Glutathione transferases as functional biomarkers of wood degradation?
2010 - IRG/WP 10-10735
The recent release of several fungal genome sequences allows the report of an overview of fungal glutathione transferases (GSTs) focused on their function in the wood-degrading basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. A genomic and phylogenetic analysis of GST classes in various sequenced fungi –zygomycetes, ascomycetes and basidiomycetes- revealed some specificity in GSTs distribution, in com...
E Gelhaye, M Morel


Bibliographical study: Decontamination of wood and soils polluted by pesticides used in wood preservation: focus on Bioremediation methods using microbes
2013 - IRG/WP 13-50292
The purpose of this bibliographical study was to seek out the existence of projects (past, present, or future) on soil decontamination in wood treatment plants. Indeed, such polluted soils may contain dioxins and various types of furans. The aim was to find out whether there existed one or more methods bringing into play biodegradation techniques using, for example, species of fungi, yeasts, bacte...
Zaremski, L Gastonguay, C Zaremski, S Morel, J Beauchene


Emerging function for a glutathione transferase in response to wood extractives toxicity
2014 - IRG/WP 14-10824
The first steps of wood degradation by fungi lead to the release of toxic compounds known as extractives. To better understand how lignolytic fungi cope with these products, a transcriptomic analysis of Phanerochaete chrysosporium genes was performed in presence of oak acetonic extractives. The most up-regulated genes relate to nutrition, nucleic acid modification, gene regulation, signalling and ...
A Thuillier, K Chibani, A Deroy, S Dumarçay, P Gérardin, A Kohler, J-P Jacquot, E Gelhaye, M Morel-Rouhier


Glutathione transferases and wood extracts
2015 - IRG/WP 15-10845
Wood rotting fungi have developed an efficient detoxification system allowing them to be well adapted to their way of life, these fungi generating and encountering potential toxic compounds during wood degradation. Belonging to this detoxification network, glutathione transferases are particularly extended in these fungi and their presence could reflect the chemical environments encountered by the...
A Deroy, F Saiag, Z Kebbi-Benkeder, N Touahri, M Morel-Rouhier, F Colin, S Dumarcay, P Gérardin,


Exudate production: a detoxification strategy of wood decaying fungi
2016 - IRG/WP 16-10868
Even often observed, the exudate production in fungi remains mainly unstudied. During growth on oak wood, the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor produces droplets of a red-brown liquid, this phenomenom being observed with nine studied strains. One of these strains secretes a similar exudate on rich medium even in the absence of wood. This secretion seems to be linked to the formation of special...
A Deroy, J G Berrin, S Dumarçay, P Gérardin, A Kohler, D Navarro, C Rose, R Sormani, M Morel-Rouhier, E Gelhaye


Decontamination of sludges, liquids and soils polluted by “class 1, 2 & 3a” and “temporary” wood treatment products from dipping tanks
2016 - IRG/WP 16-50315
Wood is one of the most widely used building materials as it is easy to find and process. As an organic material, time leads to a degradation of its substance, and even more so when it is exposed to pathogens such as fungi, bacteria and insects. In order to try and inhibit this phenomenon, several preservation treatments have been developed and applied thanks to the production of chemical biocides...
A Zaremski, E Wozniak, S Maman, C Zaremski, S Morel


Interactions between fungal glutathione transferases and wood extractives
2017 - IRG/WP 17-10894
The interactions between extractives from several tree species of French Guyana and glutathione transferases (GST) from the white-rot Trametes versicolor have been studied. These interactions have been monitored using a thermal shift assay. It appears from these experiments that TvGSTO2S interacts strongly with acetonic extract of Bagassa guianensis and in particular with oxyresveratrol. In agreem...
T Perrot, F Saiag, N Amusant, S Dumarçay, P Gérardin, M Morel-Rouhier, R SormaniI, E Gelhaye


Interactions between wood polyphenols and detoxification enzymes of the white rot Trametes versicolor
2018 - IRG/WP 18-10906
Wood decay fungi have complex detoxification systems that enable them to cope with secondary metabolites produced by plants. Although the number of genes encoding for glutathione transferases (GSTs) is especially expanded in lignolytic fungi, little is known about their physiological target molecules. In this study, by combining thermal shift assay and affinity crystallography we highlighted inter...
M Schwartz, T Perrot, E Aubert, S Dumarçay, F Favier, P Gérardin, M Morel-Rouhier, G Mulliert, F Saiag, C Didierjean, E Gelhaye